According to Investigate, a project by the AFSC, Exxon Mobil Corporation is the world’s largest publicly-traded international oil and gas company, the world’s largest refiner and marketer of petroleum products, and one of the largest chemical companies in the world. In 2010 and 2011, it won a military contract to supply Israel with aviation fuel.

The fuel is designated for use by Israel’s AH-64 attack helicopters, its F-15 and F-16 fighter/bombers, as well as its Merkava tanks. ExxonMobil has supplied the Israeli military with EN590 diesel fuel for use in its jeeps, heavy trucks, and other equipment. This equipment has been used by Israel on militarised attacks on Palestinians.